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Uppsala, Universitetsbibliotek, C 421. A Collectarium

Kuvaus

A liturgical collectarium

Julkaisija

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Aikamääre

1407

Oikeudet

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Formaatti

Parchment

Kieli

Latin

Identifiointitunnus

Uppsala
University Library
C 421

Kattavuus

Finland

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Uppsala, Universitetsbibliotek, C 421. A Collectarium
1407
,
Finland
(a Dominican convent)
A liturgical
collectarium
Fols. : Liturgical instructions
Modus inchoandi horas
. Converte nos deus ... ... officium in conuentu.
Fols. :
Collectarium Dominicanum
. The prayers are ordered in two series: The first comprises of saints arranged after the Dominican calendar with the addition of St
Henrik
appearing after Sts
Fabian
and
Sebastian
(fol. ), as is typical for the
diocese of Turku
. The second section includes Nordic saints and is not arranged in liturgical order. The feasts of Sts
Gertrude
,
Martial
, and the translation of
Thomas Aquinas
appear as later additions (fols. , , ).
(
Capitula
)
Dominica i
a
in aduentu domini ad utrasque uesperas et laudes et ad terciam capitulum
. Ecce dies veniunt ... (
Orationes
)
De officio in electionibus
(followed by
benedictiones
) In electione magistri ... ... iugiter maneamus Per eundem. (Followed by scribal colophon, see below).
Fols. : Incipits of antiphons for both
de tempore
and
de sanctis.
Principia antiphonarum inchoandarum ab illo qui facit officium Dominica prima in aduentu domini sabbato precedenti. Ad matutinam.
Ecce nomen ... ... ne super nos.
Subscripto modo dicintur versiculi secundum uariaciones suas quicumque dicendi sunt a sacerdote in conuentu
.
Fols. :
Versiculi
versiculi dicendi ante laudes per totum annum
.
In aduentu domini V.
Emitte agnum domine ... ... Ora pro nobis beata N.
Fols. :
Exsequiae
, ceremony for dying brethren. Containing a litany, which includes Nordic saints.
De communione infirmi.
De communicandum infirmum ... ... ad ista official ponantur.
(fol. 109a is an added leaf from another codex; it contains the beginning of a breviary).
Fols. :
Litania
, including Nordic saints
Henrik
,
Erik
,
Olav
,
Eskil
and
Botvid
(in an order typical of the
diocese of Turku
). St
Birgitta
added in the margin, as are Sts
Thomas
and
Vincent
.
Fols. : Various liturgical texts, especially
collecta
prayers concerning Dominican saints (by other hands).
V.
post partum ... ... (oratio) gaudia repromissa per dominum.
Parchment
ii + 117 (120) folios.
17cm × 26cm (12cm × 17cm)
Modern foliation (1–117) ignoring the flyleaves.
2
ii
; I
2
+ (I+1)
5
+ V
5
+ IV
23
+ V
33
+ 5IV
73
+ (II+1)
78
; 3IV
102
+ (VI+1)
114
+ I
116
+ 1
117
Two flyleaves at the beginning. Fols. 5 and 74 are singletons. Small strips of parchment have been entered as fols. 83a and 91a. Fol. 109a is a singleton stemming from another codex.
The manuscript is in good overall condition, although there are some dirtied leaves and the text has become faded on occasion.
17 lines of text in one ruled column (number of lines varies when notation included). Fols. in two columns (20–24 lines of text or 8 staves). Prickings visible in the upper, lower and outer margins.
The
Collectarium
is written by one main hand writing a textualis script. The writing took place in
1407
on behalf of a brother
Benedictus
, as is indicated by a later note on fol. : ‘Istud collectarium fecit scribi frater benedictus --- [per] remissionem peccatorum suorum anno [dmi] Mccccvij’. Contents of the
Collectarium
with segments for both Dominican and Nordic saints suggests that Benedictus belonged to a Finnish Dominican convent.
The other parts of the manuscript are written in a similar script, but probably by another scribe. Further hands write later additions.
Fols. , and (in two columns) contain quadratic notation on a red four-line stave.
Blue and red lombards (2 and 3 lines high) with simple flourished decorations on fols. . Black initials with red highlighting in the noted sections on fols. . Simple lombards in red and blue (2 lines high) on fols. ; and only in red on fols. .
Rubrics, underlining and highlighting in red.
Medieval binding with brown calf over wooden boards. Remnants of two hook-clasps attached to the fore-edges of the covers. On the front cover, a stamped monogram, possibly with letters ‘chr[istus]’. Five sewing stations.
Parchment pastedowns. The front pastedown (labeled fol. I) has worked free of the boards. It carries a fragment of a philosophical text, possibly a commentary on
Aristotle
, (
saec. XIV
). The back pastedown (
saec. XIV
) is a defective double leaf with various hymns by one hand and a section from a breviary by another.
The manuscript contains a set of liturgical texts, the most extensive being a
collectarium
, a collection of prayers for the year’s offices with two separate segments: the first contains mostly Dominican saints and the second Nordic saints. Included are also offices conducted for a dying brother and incipts for the year’s antiphons.
The manuscript was written in
1407
on behalf of a brother
Benedictus
. Since the manuscript contains both Dominican and Finnish traits, the writing was probably done within or for a Finnish Dominican convent, of which there were two: the one in
Viborg
and the one in
Turku
.
Uppsala University Library
’s shelf-mark ‘C 421’ on labels pasted to the spine,
inner front cover
, and fol.
IIr
. A previous shelf-mark(?) ‘128’ written on the spine.
Margarete Andersson-Schmitt – Hakan Hallberg – Monica Hedlund,
Mittelalterliche Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Uppsala: Katalog über die C-Sammlung, Bd. 5
, Stockholm 1992, 88–89.
Jesse Keskiaho, “Dominikaanit”,
Kirjallinen kulttuuri keskiajan Suomessa
, toim. Tuomas Heikkilä, Helsinki 2010, 273–276.
Aarno Maliniemi,
Der Heiligenkalender Finnlands
, Helsingfors 1925, 93–95.
Cataloguer
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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