). Thus, at least these parts were copied for
use somewhere in the church province of Uppsala. A closer localization does not
appear possible, as the parts of the sanctorale that could have contained either
of the feasts of St
, for instance, are
missing. It is, however, likely that all of the parts were copied for use in the
diocese of Turku
I: fols. 1–6.
Only the upper left-hand corner of fol. 1 survives; the only text legible is on the
recto-side, ‘[alle]luya [ ... ] all[leluya]’
Deus qui beate marie virginis concepcionem angelico vaticinio
... frequentatione veneramur. Per [dominum nostrum ... ] Concede quesumus piissime
deus nos beatissime marie ... deuotione veneramur. Per. Deus omnipotens deus verus
nobis beate dei genetricis ... sollempnitate letificas. Per. Maria virgo regia ex
stirpe ... Gloria tibi domine. Maria mater domini ... Gloria tibi domine. (In
another hand:) Gloriamus [?] omnes ... Ave maria gratia plena ... in hora
: they indicate that the texts are for
Sundays in Advent, while in fact they are for Sundays in Lent.
192 folios. 14,5cm × 21cm
Modern foliation in pencil in the upper right-hand corners of recto-sides
(the foliation includes the surviving corner of the originally third folio of the
Pt. III was given catchwords; they are extant on fols. 57v, 65v, 81v,
89v and 117v.
The book is a collection of distinct parts, some of which may be
fragments of once more extensive manuscripts. The first folio of pt. II (fol.
8r), is dirty in a way to show it was once an outside leaf (suggesting that the
entire quire might have been loose and unbound for some time before coming into
its present context).
After fol. 117 a binio-quire has been added and a
younger hand completed the office for the Holy Innocents; fols. 118–121 should
be seen as distinct from pt. III and belonging to pt. IV, where the same hand is
active (see e.g. fol. 129v); pt. IV is otherwise primarily distinguished through
its irregular structure in comparison with pt. III. Pt. V is written by
different hands to those of the other parts, and a semblance of regular
The manuscript is in rather poor condition: most of the
leaves are dirty, torn in one way or another, and occasionally water damaged.
Pt. I lacks leaves at the beginning; of fol. 1, only the upper left-hand corner
remains; in addition, pts. III and IV are defective, with lacunae between fols.
50 and 51, 73 and 74, 77 and 78, 80 and 81, 97 and 98, 103 and 104, 109 and 110,
and 143 and 144. Leaves have occasionally been repaired, as in pt. III fols. 98
and 99, which were torn and were repaired and rewritten in the 16th century; and
fols. 75r and 78v, which have been patched using another saec. XV(?) paper
manuscript. At the end of the book there are the stubs from five folia.
I. Milveden (1972, 22 n. 78)
, based on an examination of
the watermarks, dated what he took to be the manuscript’s oldest part, which
includes the textual portion in which he was interested (fols.
: highest-grade initials are lombards
drawn in orangey red, the same crayon-like colour used for rubrication in this
section, and for touching with colour the lower-grade initials, which are simple,
slightly larger cursive letters; fols.
monochromatic pen-drawn Gothic versals decorated with diamond shapes, triangular
Rubrication is only occasional, esp. in parts III–V, where many of the rubrics have
been supplied only later.
A full-leather binding of
, dark brown leather on boards with raised bands. The volume has been
closed with a single clasp, which has gone missing. The leather is severely
Pastedowns are leaves from an
(written area 14 × 21, the
height of a stave 14mm; the front pastedown, with one half of a quire signature
. A[diuua] nos deus salutaris ...
. Exaltabo te domine quoniam ... ’, the back pastedown,
with a half of a quire signature (‘ix’): ‘mira[ ... ]bile in oculis nost[ris] ...
. Dominus [regna]uit decorem ...
... . parata sedes tua deus ...
Ad summam missam
. Puer natus est no[bis]’); the latter fragment has the beginning of
the office for Christmas Day.
A composite manuscript made of distinct parts, some of which may be fragments
of more extensive original manuscripts, copied in the
quite possibly in the
diocese of Turku
, and apparently bound as the present volume
in the middle ages.
Inside the front cover, the shelfmark, in pencil, ‘G.4’.
The insides of both
the back and the front covers carry several non-informative pen-trials in various
cursive hands of
The book was found in the
early twentieth century
archives of Turku
, which it might have entered
the chapter’s request that parishes send in older written materials for examination.
These materials were in some cases returned to the parishes (this happened to the
books from Tammela now in the library of Åbo Akademi), but some at least remained
and survived the great fire that destroyed much of the city in 1827 (
Schalin 1946, 6
, cites the circulars of the chapter, no. 237 of 5 November 1828, and no. 264 of
20 June 1833, which indicate that several manuscripts that had been sent to Turku as
requested had not been collected and had become disordered in the fire, and were now
kept in the archbishop’s household).
J. Gummerus, ‘Eräs kirjalöytö Turun tuomiokapitulin arkistosta’,
Suomen kirkkohistoriallisen seuran pöytäkirjat 10
(1910), 81–123, here 92–96.
I. Milveden, ‘Neue Funde zur Brynolphus-Kritik’,
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning 54
Documenta Gregoriana. Latinalaisen kirkkolaulun lähteitä Suomessa