... vitam demonstrat ei. (Followed by staves with notation and initials. Another hand has continued the text 'Ad finem a principio ... dolor eam transfixit dum', but otherwise the text is missing until the end of the page.)
, Latin phrases: ‘Omnibus est nomen sed non est omnibus omen. Quicquid agit mundus, monachus(?) vult esse secundus’, and in another hand an ownership marking (for which see below) and
4.3,35–36: ‘Omnia sunt hominum tenui ... quae ualuere ruunt’, followed by an anonymous proverb, ‘O mors, quam dura, quam tristia sunt tua iura. Si mors non esset quam laetus quilibet esset’ (the first sentence matches the first sentence of
Walther 1965, no. 19509
, while the second sentence is the same as no. 28684a).
Fols. 22–25 and 35–38 form a quaternio which encloses the quires 26–32 and 33–34.
The manuscript is in fair condition for an apparently original binding. There is some fraying to the edges of folia and several leaves have been torn loose; there is also some dirt and staining. Most of the lower half of fols. 109–110 is torn. Fols. 1–3, 54, 94, 99, 150, 157 and 166 are loose, and there are lacunae in the beginning, after fols. 3, 32, 34, 38, 53, 60, 151(?) and 165, and at the end of the book. The quire structure is somewhat irregular, in places suggesting later, roughly contemporary repairs.
Based on an analysis of (at least some of) the watermarks in the codex, I.
Milveden (1972, 19 n. 66
Hunter 2005, 8–10
) suggests that the codex dates from
Text and notation on eight to eleven lines, ruled in ink.
Gothic cursive in a few different hands of
saec. XVI 2/3
. Frequent additions in hands of
; occasionally these additions include notation.
Decadent square notation on four black lines.
Feasts, if their incipit is marked, begin with a large, vaguely lombardic initial; the same type, somewhat larger, is used for the beginning of discrete sections. These initials are variously decorated, sometimes monochromatic and sometimes coloured, sometimes decorated with faces (e.g. fol.
there is a simply drawn monochromatic inhabited initial featuring the Adoration of the Magi before the Virgin and Child. Sentences begin with pen-drawn Gothic versals with varying types of monochromatic decoration. Occasionally colour is used in decorating these initials (green: fols.
Apparently contemporary binding of uncovered wooden boards, the spine open. The volume has been held closed with leather straps, of which the two attached to the front cover survive. The boards (or at least the inside of the back cover) formerly had a reused parchment pastedown, as can be seen by the offset on the inside of the back cover.
On the front cover, a pasted label with what appears to be a shelfmark, ’75:1’. On the back cover, incised initials(?) N.K.
The watermarks and the handwriting suggest the manuscript was written during the
first half of saec. XVI
. The challenging date on the front cover could be interpreted to suggest the same thing. The feast for
Patroni regni Suecie
is first found in Finnish sources in
Malin 1925, 230
). The manuscript was perhaps written in
where it was kept throughout the 16th
century, as shown by the markings on the front cover.
A number of markings
inside the front cover
‘Liber peculiaris Ecclesie Wöro cuius abalienator Anathema et sycophanta sit, scriptum Anno a partu virginis MZZXXX’. Interpretations vary of the peculiar construction of the date (see the discussion in
Hunter 2005, 15
); but if it is read in the light of the watermark evidence then it could be taken to indicate the year
. The same text, apparently in the same hand, is repeated on fol.
Other markings: ‘Anno -86 kom Andreas Simon[is] til Wöre Sochn Vdi kongh Johans tienst hos S. Morti Larsson och sidan hos förståndigh Tomas George’. The last-named is the provincial scribe and later bailiff in
Almquist 1920, 357
‘[lib]er [Mathias?] Jacobi’.
Math. Jacobi Viloides
, chaplain in
Leinberg 1903, 235
); coat of arms with the letter V, and a sentence in Latin. See also fol.