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Title

Uppsala, University Library, C 453. Theological Compilation

Description

A theological miscellany in a composite manuscript of seven units

Publisher

Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici

Date

1200-1399
Saec. XIII-XIV

Rights

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Concerning all other rights see Terms of Use.

Format

Parchment

Language

Latin
French

Identifier

Uppsala
University Library
C 453

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Uppsala, University Library, C 453. Theological Compilation
Saec. XIII–XIV
A theological miscellany in a composite manuscript of seven units
I: Fols.
1r
28r
: [
Hilarius
]:
Liber Hymnorum
[
seu Expositio Hymnorum
]. Apparently the same text, which survives in
Berlin, Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Hs. Theol. Lat. qu. 275
(see
G. Achten,
Die theologischen lat. Handschriften in Quarto der Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz Berlin
, Teil 2, Wiesbaden 1982, p. 44
).
Hilarius
is mentioned in the prologue, but his authorship is uncertain.
GW 13682–13731
.
[1r]
(Prologue) Liber iste dicitur liber ymnorum ymnus dicitur laus dei cum cantico dicta. Quattuor fuerunt principales auctores ... Sed quidam vir prudens ylarius ... (Text) Primo dierum omnium [quo mundo extat conditus]
...
(Commentary) Materia huius ymni [est commendacio dominici diei] ...
[28r]
(Text) Hic promereantur omnes petita adquirere ... translati ad requiem. Gloria
.
(Commentary)
...
et sic paradisum introire cum sanctis perhenniter. illi dico translati in requiem eternam
.
(fols.
28v
32v
are blank).
II: Fols.
33r
65v
:
Computus
. Most closely related to
Alexander de Villa Dei
,
Massa Computi
[cum commentario]. Ed.
Steele 1926, 268–283, 284–285
.
[33r]
(Commentary) Avctoritate freti augustini in domo dei quattuor dicimus esse necessaria
...
[34r]
(Prologus) Licet modo in fine temporum plures constat haberi codices
...
[35r]
(Text) AVreus in iano numerus clauesque nouantur ...
[59v]
... Mobilis ibo cifos acer liber habeto coeuos. Non facit hunc locus ortum reminiscere testis. Explicit compotus petri de warndvm(?) ... (Commentary) ... quod est contra ecclesiasticam constitucionem et hec de embolismis sufficiant. [59ar]
Incipit doctrina tabularum
[with commentary]
...
Alphabeta duo que terdeca v figuris ...
[65r]
... Qua mediante potest quid queris semper haberi. (Followed by computistic annotations until end
65v
where an ownership marking is placed; see below).
III: Fols.
66r
80r
:
Hermannus de Schildesche
:
Speculum manuale sacerdotum
.
[66r]
Incipit speculum sacerdotum compilatum a fratre hermanno de alamannia dicto de scildis sacre theologie professore ordinis fratrum heremitarum sancti augustini. Incipit prologus
. Deo amabilibus et sibi in christo reuerendis omnibus sacerdotibus ...
[67r]
Prima pars speculi sacerdotum representat speculanda circa baptismum ...
Materia baptismi debet esse pura acqua ...
[80r]
... et in repertorio aureo guillelmi ti[tulo] de pe[nitencia] et re[missionibus] plenius continentur ... Explicit speculum sacerdotum editum a fratre hermanno de alamannia dicto de scildis in sacra theologia professore ordinis fratrum heremitarum sancti augustini. (followed by a partially deleted note of ownership) (fols.
80v
81r
are blank). [
81v
82
] (Notes and quotes, partially in
French
).
IV: Fols.
83r
148v
:
Sermones de tempore
. For a complete list of incipits see
Andersson-Schmitt et al. 1992, 145–151
.
[83r]
Dominica i post octauam pentecostes de epistola.
Hoc mandamus habemus a deo ... (I Io. 4:21) Apostolus et euuangelista Jo[hannes] nobis commendat in verbo proposito fraternam siue mutuam caritatem ...
[148v]
... quod iustum fuerit dabo vobis. (added by another hand) explicit liber collacionum seu abbreviaturam sermonum. [
149r
150r
] (Registry and annotations, partially in
French
). (fol.
150v
is blank).
V: Fols.
151r
193v
: A collection of short texts and quotations.
Fols.
151r
168v
: Biblical quotations with commentaries
[151r]
Salomon in prouerbiis ffauus distillans meretricis labia (Prov. 5:3)...
[168v]
...ymagines quas tranquilla Representat etc. (on fol.
168r
:
Ps.-Anselm of Canterbury
,
Admonitio morienti
;
PL 158, 685–688
:
Verba anselmi ad moritantem.
Frater letaris quod in fide ... )
Fols.
169r
193v
: Various short tractates, prayers, and notes.
[
169r
–v] (A theological text (imperf.);
formularia
). [
170r
–v] (A scribal colophon (see below), various verses and proverbs; see
Andersson-Schmitt et al. 1992, 152
) Ascalonita necat pueros antipa Johannem ... [
171r
–v] (Letter formulae and notes).
[
172r
173v
] (‘
Tractatus de musica secundum Petrum Picardum aliosque scriptores
’; ed.
Moberg 1928, 62–67
) Quoniam nonnulli et maxime auditores ...
[173v]
... penultimam significaret esse longam. (a text has been erased from fol. 174ra–va).
[
174v
176r
] (a
penitential tractate
; ed.
Gummerus 1900, V–VII
)
De penitenciis manifestis.
Pro incestu in primo gradu ...
[176r]
... reddatur innoxius per christum dominum nostrum.
Absolutio infirmorum
. Ipse dominus ihesus christus...
[
176v
177v
] (
Orationes
) Domine ihesu christe qui fecisti et creasti ...
[177v]
... peccastis nostris iminere cognoscimus ...
[
178r
179r
] (
Compustical annotations
;
179v
is blank).
[
180r
183v
,
188r
189v
,
190v
] (
Letter formulae
, mentioning the year
1334
and the city of
Skänninge
)
[
184r
187v
,
190r
,
191r
193v
] (Verses, proverbs, and other short texts; see
Andersson-Schmitt et al. 1992, 153
) Ne scribam vanum duc pia virgo...
[190r]
Mortuus in sepulchro dicit
. Consumpta carne ... (the text on fol.
193v
has been rendered illegible).
VI: Fols.
194r
199v
:
Visio Tundali
(imperfect; ed.
Wagner 1882, 8–56
), and another theological text (imperfect).
[194r]
(Visio Tundali) --- respirare cepit Mirantur enim cuncti ...
[198v]
... que ante diximus ihesu Christo ... AMEN. (Theological tractate) Ossa arida audite verbum domini etc. (Ez 37:4) ...
[199v]
... si desiderasti uxorem proximi t |
VII: Fols.
200r
237v
:
Florilegia
,
Excerpta varia
.
[200r]
(
Flores Augustini
(cf.
Stegmüller, RB 8720
)) Quorundam librum [gloriosi et imcomprabilis] doctoris augustini ...
[218v]
... sic aperietur te prestante qui uiuis ... amen. (Excerpts from
Augustine
)
Ex libro soliloquiorum beati augustini primo qui sic incipit.
Uolenti mihi diu multa ...
[221v]
(Excerpts from St
Anselm
, here attributed to Augustine; cf.
PL 158, 722ff.
)
Ex oracione et meditacione eius ad contrahendum in se timorem dei
. Terret me vita mea ...
[226v]
... et noscunt me (Io 10:14) amen. (followed by an addition by another hand) [
227r
231v
] (
Jacobus de Lausanna
,
Compendium moralitatum
(defective); cf.
Stegmüller, RB, 3887
) Abicit mundus pauperes et honorat ... [
232r
235v
] (Excerpts from
Augustine
and
Bernhard
; imperf.) Augustinus. Felices uos dixerim sacerdotes ... [
236r
–flyleaf] (Various theological texts) Per proprium sanguinem introiuit ...
[237v]
... per quam nos sequi ipsum oportet... (ends on the pasted side of the flyleaf).
Parchment
254 (237 with foliation).
10cm × 15cm
Modern foliation in pencil.
I: III
6
+ [2IV
6
] + IV
14
+ 3III
32
; II: (III+1)
39
+ 2III
51
+ IV
59
+ (1
59a
) + III
65
; III: IV
73
+ (III+1)
80
; I
82
; IV: IV
90
+ V
100
+ (1+IV)
109
+ IV
117
+ (I+1)
120
+ (VI–2)
130
+ V
140
+ IV
148
; I
150
; V: 3III
168
+ (I+1)
171
; VI
183
+ III
189
; 2I
193
; VI: (II+2)
199
; VII: VI
211
+ V
221
+ V
231
+ III
237
.
III: Reclamants visible in the lower margin. IV: Reclamants occasionally visible in the lower margin. Quire signatures signalling the leaves of the first half of the quire (roman numerals) added in blue by a later hand.
The manuscript is comprised of seven booklets of varying origins. They were bound together most likely in the
first half of saec. XV
.
Two quires have been added after the first quire. These quires were stolen from the manuscript during 20
th
century and returned in 1987. The leaves are now foliated 6a–6p.Fol. 59a was one of the leaves that were stolen from the manuscript and returned in 1987.
In VII, the text is worn and faded, especially so on fol.
200r
.
I: varying number of lines.
II: one column, 41–43 lines with commentary, otherwise varies..
III: 22–23 lines in one column..
IV: two columns from fol. 102r, 20–26 lines of text..
V: two columns on fols. 172r–173v. .
VI: two columns with 45 lines; first one written above the top line.
VII: one column with
c
. 35 lines.
I–II: Textualis in a hand of
saec. XIII
, probably from
France
.
III: A textualis of
saec. XIV
; fols. 80–82 are written in cursiva and include
French
.
IV: A textualis of
saec. XIV
(?) by several hands. Fols. 149–150 include
French
.
V: Mostly by one hand writing cursiva of
saec. XIV
; probably in
Sweden
. Fol.
170r
–v of Part V were written
1336
in
Lödöse
by a
Holmvidus
; fol.
170r
: ‘Anno domini M
o
ccc
o
xxxvi me holmuido existente in hospitali lodhosiensi cum domino swenone canonico scarensi hoc scripsi jn sabbato proximo ante Johannis baptiste [22.6.]’. The mentioned
Swenonus
is likely the same who appears in a document from
1330
(
DS 2809
). Fols. 190–193 by different hands.
VI: Textualis in a hand of
saec. XIV
.
VII: Textualis and cursive in several hands of
saec. XIV
.
Fols.
172r
173v
contain examples of quadratic and hufnagel notation.
I–II: Red and blue lombard initials with flourishing; rubrics in red.
III: Simple lombard initials in red. Rubrics and paragraph marks in red.
IV: Fol.
150r
features a pen-drawn picture of the crucifixion (turned upside-down). Red and blue lombard initials with flourishing.
V: Simple lombard initials, rubrics and paraphs in red.
VI: Initials, rubrics and highlighting only in the beginning of the part.
VII: Simple lombard initials, rubrics and paraphs in red.
Light brown calf over wooden boards. Remnants of a strap-and-pin clasp running from front to back. Front flyleaf is loose and contains a fragment of a Latin text (
s. XIV
).
The binding is of a type typically found in
Vadstena Abbey
during
saec. XV
1
.
A theological compilation manuscript with seven units of different origins ranging from
saec. XIII to XIV
. Two units contains short notes in
French
(III and IV), indicating a possible origin in
France
, and another two (II and V) were acquired by a cleric from Turku,
Thörnerus Andreae
. His collection included several manuscripts from Prague. At least these two units, possibly also others, were carried by Thörnerus to the Birgittine
Vadstena Abbey
.
Parts II and V at least belonged to
Thörnerus Andreae
, a priest from the diocese of
Turku
, who entered the Birgittine
Vadstena Abbey
in
1407
: ‘liber Monasterii sancte Marie virginis in watzsteno quem attulit frater Thørnerus andree quondam clericus Aboensis Orate pro eo’ (fol.
65v
); ‘thørnerus andree possidet istum librum’ (fol.
154r
); ‘si possessoris nomen cognoscere velis / thør tibi primo medio ne rus sit in ymo’ (fol.
169v
).
Part III has an partly erased ownership mark on fol.
80r
: ‘Liber domini ----‘.
Part IV belonged to a brother
Petrus
: ‘Iste liber est fratris petri de basta [leista(?)] conventus fontis’ (fol.
83r
).
Vadstena Abbey’s shelf-mark is found on the first flyleaf verso: “I iiii primus in ordine”. The binding is typical of the abbey for the
first half of saec. XV
.
The manuscript remained in the abbey’s collection after its dissolution and was probably among those codices taken away in
1619
and donated to Uppsala University Library in
1621
by King
Gustav Adolf II
.
Uppsala University Library
’s shelf-mark ‘C 453’ found on inner front cover.
Jaakko Gummerus,
Beiträge zur Geschichte des Buss- und Beichtwesens in der schwedischen Kirche des Mittelalters
, Uppsala 1900.
Margarete Andersson-Schmitt – Hakan Hallberg – Monica Hedlund,
Mittelalterliche Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Uppsala. Katalog über die C–Sammlung, Bd. 5, C 401–550
, Stockholm 1992, 143–154.
C.-A. Moberg, “Om flerstämmig musik i Sverige under medeltiden”,
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning 10
(1928), 20–23.
PL = J.-P. Migne,
Patrologia Latina
, 1844–1865.
R. Steele,
Opera hactenus inedita Rogeri Baconi 6
, Oxford 1926.
Stegmüller, RB = Friedrich Stegmüller,
Repertorium biblicum medii aevi, 1–11
, Madrid 1950–1980.
A. Wagner,
Visio Tungdali
, Erlangen 1882.
Cataloguer
Ville Walta
Finnish Literature Society (SKS)
Codices Fennici
Creative Commons BY 4.0

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